Top Specialists make the case for using heavy spinnerbaits
By Mark Hicks
If Academy Awards were presented for best lures, the spinnerbait would be a unanimous winner in the category titled "most versatile." No other lure more efficiently probes the shallows and deep water, pulls bass from such a wide variety of cover, or works so well in water clarity that ranges from crystalline to mocha.
It's no coincidence that practically every bass angler on the planet owns scads of spinnerbaits in every size, color and blade configuration imaginable. Many anglers, however, fail to take full advantage of this powerhouse lure because they neglect the heavier sizes. A 1/2-ounce spinnerbait falls into the light end of the heavy spinnerbait spectrum. A 3/4-ounce size serves as the workhorse, while some situations call for spinnerbaits weighing as much as 1 1/2-ounces.
One of the more widely employed heavy spinnerbait strategies consists of slow rolling submergent weed beds. This ploy pays off big time during the pre- and post-spawn phases for Rob Kilby of Hot Springs, Ark., a regular on the Wal-Mart FLW Tour.
"A great example of a place to slow roll for pre-spawn bass is Sam Rayburn," says Kilby. "This pattern holds up from November through March, until the bass move shallow to spawn."
At that time of year, the grass typically grows 4-to 7-feet up from the bottom in 15-to 20-feet of water. Common structures that support grass include points and high spots. Since the tops of the weeds lie roughly 7-to 15-feet beneath the surface, you must find grass beds with a depth finder. Two key locations for bass in deep grass are inside and outside weed edges.
"If the bass are turned on and feeding," says Kilby, "they'll be on top the grass and close to the inside (shallow) grass line. If it's a bluebird day after a cold front, they're going to be strictly out on the outside edge near deep water."
Whichever edge of the grass bed Kilby targets, he holds his Ranger boat just off the vegetation and casts a 3/4-ounce Terminator spinnerbait over the cover at a perpendicular angle. His favorite spinnerbait configuration consists of a Nickel No. 3 Colorado lead blade followed by a gold No. 5 willow leaf. He opts for a shad-colored skirt and dresses the hook with a white 6-inch ribbon-tail worm. After casting, he counts the spinnerbait down to the greenery and slowly retrieves it through the edge of the growth.
"You have to actually bump the grass with the spinnerbait to get bites," says Kilby. "They often nail it when the lure catches a strand of grass and suddenly breaks free."
The species of grass dictates how Kilby fishes it. When he's fishing elodea, which is a tough weed, he simply lets the spinnerbait sink until it lands on the grass. A sharp pull breaks the spinnerbait free, after which he begins the slow roll retrieve. Milfoil, the other hand, is a soft weed that readily fouls a spinnerbait. When fishing milfoil, Kilby counts the spinnerbait down and begins the retrieve just as the lure reaches the tops of the stalks.
"You'll have to strip milfoil from your spinnerbait on three or four casts until you determine the right count," says Kilby. "Then you should be able to maintain the retrieve at the most productive level. Hydrilla is tougher than milfoil and doesn't foul the spinnerbait as badly."
When fishing grass lakes during the post-spawn period, Kilby targets river channel edges. This approach has yielded excellent catches for him on lakes such as Alabama's Guntersville. He takes a lot of bass slow rolling a heavy spinnerbait in the 8- to 12-foot depth range at this time.
"When I fish channel edges," says Kilby, "I cast parallel to the grass lines, which is exactly the opposite of what I do for pre-spawn bass."
Heavy spinnerbaits also produce big bass from shallow grass, as Art Ferguson discovered when he started guiding during the winter months on Lake Okeechobee. This Michigan resident has qualified for 10 Red Man Regional events and finished third in the 1999 FLW tournament held on Lake St. Clair, where he guides for smallmouth bass in the summer.
"The first 10-pound largemouth I ever caught from Okeechobee came on a big spinnerbait," says Ferguson. "I use a 3/4-ounce bait a lot to get down near the bottom in 5-to 7-feet of water when fishing eelgrass. A lighter bait just won't get down in that stuff."
When fishing eelgrass, Ferguson opts for a Terminator spinnerbait that features a gold Oklahoma blade ahead of a smaller nickel willow leaf. "I like that Oklahoma blade in thick grass because it puts out so much vibration," says Ferguson. Though a slow roll retrieve pulls bass from eelgrass for Ferguson, lately he has been scoring bigger fish with a lift-drop action.
"I work it almost like you would a worm," he says. "I let it sink to the bottom, lift it with the rod tip and let it flutter back down. They usually hit it on the fall. When I fished a major buddy tournament on Okeechobee with my friend Jerry Ware, we caught nearly 40 bass using that method. The six we weighed in went 24 pounds."
When fishing tournaments on impoundments laced with deep creek channels, Ferguson grinds a 1-ounce spinnerbait along stump-lined ledges that drop abruptly into deeper water. In some instances, he bumps the lure into stumps 18-to 20-feet deep.
"That's a good pattern before the bass spawn," says Ferguson, "and also in the summertime on the main lake. When that blade bait careens off a stump, you'd better be ready for action. This technique catches big fish."
During summer guiding trips on Lake St. Clair, Ferguson burns a 3/4-ounce spinnerbait just beneath the surface as fast as he can crank a high-speed baitcasting reel. To keep the bait from rolling on its side, he opts for undersized willow leaf blades, a No. 3 1/2 followed by a No. 4. The heavy spinnerbait casts for distance, which puts it in front of smallmouths that haven't been spooked by the boat, especially on calm days. The long casts also comb large grass/sand flats quickly. The upbeat pace excites smallmouths and triggers reflex strikes.
"I've had especially good luck with chartreuse blades and a chartreuse skirt that has a few strands of orange mixed in with it. I usually don't use a trailer. After the spawn, we bring up a lot of bass ripping spinnerbaits over 8-to 11- feet of water. When a 5-pound smallmouth annihilates a big spinnerbait that's screaming across the surface, it feels like your rod's been hit by a lightning bolt."
Ripping smallmouth bass with heavy spinnerbaits is also a mainstay for bass pro Kevin VanDam, who has extensive experience with smallmouths throughout the Great Lakes. His preferred spinnerbait is Strike King's 3/4-ounce Pro Ledge matched with white, tandem, No. 4 and 4 1/2 willow leaf blades. Truth is, VanDam is intimately familiar with slow rolling heavy spinnerbaits for deep largemouths and with any technique that applies to heavy spinnerbaits. It's unlikely that any other professional angler boats more bass with these lures.
"Waking" a heavy spinnerbait up near the surface is just one of many ploys VanDam uses to lambaste heavy-weight largemouths. This method puts the spinnerbait up in the same zone as when burning it for smallmouth bass, but the retrieve speed is slower, which holds more appeal for largemouths. VanDam slows the lure's pace by increasing the size of the blades and retrieving with a high rod tip.
"This is a clear-water technique," VanDam says. "The advantage to running a spinnerbait within 6-to 8-inches of the surface is that waves or surface chop breaks up the lure's outline. You don't want the bass to get a good look at the bait. That's one reason this approach works so well on windward banks."
When VanDam fishes a heavy spinnerbait in murky water, he switches from willow leaf to Indiana or Colorado blades for increased vibrations. He also runs his lures closer to cover.
"The difference between clear and dirty water is how far the fish will come to hit the bait," VanDam says. "if you've got 10 feet of water clarity, those fish will come a long way to hit a spinnerbait. That isn't so in dirty water. In that case, I keep the lure running tight to boat docks, bushes, trees and chunk rock banks."
VanDam fully appreciates the long-cast advantage afforded by heavy spinnerbaits. He covers water so quickly with this lure, especially during practice rounds for tournaments, that his competitors watch him almost in disbelief. Long casts are particularly important to VanDam when he is making parallel casts.
"If you're paralleling a bluff bank or something like that," VanDam says, "long casts let you run a spinnerbait over a bass two or three times before your boat gets to them. That gives you more opportunities to tempt a strike."
Content provided by Bass Fishing Magazine, the official publication of FLW Outdoors