Bass Fishing

Worm Basics

Bass Fishing For Beginners

Like most fishing methods, some require additional skills like "reading the line." Others require us to use our "sixth sense" to detect those soft or delicate bites from bass. Welcome to the world of worm fishing because this is a combination of everything I just mentioned and more!

NOTE: When I use the word worm, I also refer to other soft plastic shapes and creatures, which these methods can fish.

The need for sensitivity with worm fishing is the number one skill you must perfect to succeed, whether you're using a four-inch or a twelve-inch worm. When I first began fishing worms as a child, dangling them under a bobber, the worm did all the work. When using the plastic worm, you will have to make the imitation look so good that the fish cannot refuse it.

One of my favorite fishing methods is weightless worming, using just a hook and the worm. The line must be lighter than you would typically use for Texas or Carolina rigging to use this method successfully. I recommend no lighter than 6-pound and no heavier than 12-pound test. A 6-foot light spinning outfit will work well. Use a 1/0 hook for 4- to 6-inch worms, a 2/0 for 6- to 8-inch worms, 3/0 for 8- to 10-inch worms, and 4/0 or 5/0 for the giant worms over 10 inches in total length.

Cast the worm into the cover or at the edge of a weed line. Allow it to fall slowly, watching the line for twitches or sudden direction changes. The worm will look like it has fallen from the overhanging tree or the top of the weeds to the fish. Allow the worm to reach the bottom. Do not retrieve line. Just shake the rod, and the worm will twitch on the bottom as if it is struggling to get back to the surface. This method is often very productive if the fish become finicky caused by fishing pressure, a sudden change in the weather, or water levels going up or down.

Using a floating worm over cover is also a very exciting method of worm fishing. Bright pink and yellow are perfect for this application as you can see the worm clearly and often watch the worm disappear as a bass engulfs it! Drag the bait in small movements over the cover, and then let it sit in spaces between pads or at the edge of weed beds.

Texas rigging is used with great success because it will quickly get the worm to the bottom through thick cover. The heavier line to 18-pound test and a heavy action rod is required so that you can muscle fish out of weeds or fallen tree cover. A 6- to 6 1/2-foot baitcasting or spinning outfit will work with this application.

Your needle-nosed or cone-shaped weight should fit tightly on top of the worm or slightly away from the head. I like to place the weight against the head if I am deep in thick cover. I find that the worm cuts through the weeds and surface cover quickly, minimizing snags. I will place the weight a quarter of an inch away from the head of the worm if the cover is not too dense. I have found that using a toothpick will secure the weight of the line. Just insert the toothpick into the lead head and snap off the excess. The wood will expand in water, making them fit tighter. Placing the lead away from the worm allows a more fluid movement and indicates that the worm is following something small. Bass like to ambush other smaller fish or creatures when there are chasing something else.

Your presentation should be hopped or dragged along the bottom and paused so that the fish can get a look at the offering. Slow to moderate retrieval is best. Set the hook with a strong upward movement, ensuring a good hook set.

Carolina rigging is not so common here on Long Island. Still, this method can prove very effective if you find yourself in an open water situation without too much cover (Lake Ronkonkoma is a perfect example). With a 7- or 7 1/2-foot baitcasting rig, your mainline can be as heavy as 20-pound test. Rig a 1/2- or ¾-ounce ball or pear-shaped weight and attach a link swivel. You can upgrade your lead weight to 2 ounces if necessary in rough weather conditions. (You may like to add a glass bead between the weight and the swivel, which can be effective as a sound attractor, but I have often had fish bite the bead rather than the worm and given false bite indication). This will stop the weight from sliding down to the hook. Next, attach a length of lesser breaking strain line (12- to 15-pound test) to the swivel, determining at what distance from the bottom you want your worm to rise and fall. I like to use a four-foot line length, but you may decide to make the leader from 18 inches to six-foot in length depending on water depth and clarity.

Attach your hook dependent upon worm size (as mentioned above) and make your cast. The retrieve is slow and deliberate, dragging the weight along the bottom of the lake or pond. Long agonizing pauses may also be necessary, waiting to feel for those telltale tugs from hungry bass. When you feel the resistance from a fish, your strike should be hard and to the side, not upward, as that can often pull the bait out of the fish's mouth. A sideways hook set will pull the bait into the corner of the mouth, and your hook-up ratio is increased.

When Carolina rigging, you may also want to use a floating worm. This is often used if structure on the bottom, which might snag the bait if dragged. If you do, allow time for the worm to return to an upright position over the weight before beginning the retrieve. Many other lures can be fished by this method. I have Carolina rigged small crankbaits, floating rattletraps, and even jerkbaits with great success in open water. Don't forget, if you can show fish different lures in a presentation they never have, or could never have seen before, you have a greater chance of catching.

Charles is a pro angler who fishes various tournament trails. He is sponsored by Bullet Weights, G.Loomis, Gamakatsu, Lake Hawk, Chevy Trucks, Hawg-ly Lures, Uncle Josh, Ike-Con Fishing Tackle, Snap-Set Spinnerbaits, Map-Trap, Stamina Components, and Power Troll Batteries.