Pooling Resources For Summer SmalliesPooling Resources For Summer Smallies Big or small, summer river smallies are a blast to catch! Here's how to find and catch summer smallmouth.
By By Mike Gnatkowski
Fishing gets a whole lot easier if you know exactly where the fish are going to be. That’s exactly the case in the summer when water levels drop dramatically on streams and rivers that are home to smallmouth bass. The smaller the body of water, the more concentrated the bass become.
Earlier in the year when rivers are roaring from spring rains and run off smallmouths are very structure oriented. They have to be. Boulders, trees, bridges, stumps and ledges block surging current flows. Bass are not found of strong, strength-sapping current and use the structure to wait out the deluge in calmer water. As water levels drop to extreme levels in the summer, current isn’t something the bass have to contend with. In fact, they often seek out current then because it provides more oxygen and prey. Deeper pools that were off limits in the spring become prime holding spots in summer through early fall. Schools of bass then concentrate in the deeper pools created by outside bends in rivers. The deeper pools are even better if they have boulders, laydowns or shelves and ledges to provide bass additional cover.
During periods of low water smallies are free to roam wherever they like. With current being a non-factor, bass will leave the security of the deeper pools to hunt in the shallows during low light conditions. The bass will patrol rock fields to root out crayfish, darters and sculpins. Bass know that weeds contain a host of prey options and will hunt along the weeds edges in the shinny water.
Because nowhere is off limits for smallmouth during summer months bass can be found just about anywhere and anglers need to cover water. Topwater baits, like buzzbaits, poppers and prop baits, excel because you can cover water with them, they call bass from a distance and few methods are more exciting then to see a smallie rocket up from the depths or create a wake in the shallows to blast a surface lure. Lures like the Rebel’s Pop-R, Yo-Zuri’s new 3DS Popper, Storm’s Chug Bug, Heddon’s Baby Torpedo and Yo-Zuri’s new 3DR Prop can be fished aggressively and cover the maximum amount of water. The best retrieve is usually a stop-and-go cadence, although it pays to experiment.
While casting angles are important when rivers are high to get just the right presentation and angle of drift, when the same river is flowing at its lowest levels in the summer casting angles are unimportant. Just try to cover as much water as possible.
A couple decades ago I joined Grant Schliewe and Leon Chase for a summer float down Muskegon River. The Muskegon is one of Michigan’s premier steelhead and salmon rivers during the spring and fall and is a top rated tail-water stream for trout below Croton Dam. Below the town of Newaygo and the closer you get to Lake Michigan, the river turns into a smallmouth nirvana with plenty of trees, boulders and a sandier bottom than above Newaygo.
Steam was rising from the warm river into the cool morning air when we launched. Trout were actively rising in the cooler morning flows. Grant manned the oars on the jon boat and Leon and I cast from our perches on the bow and stern. Grant instructed us to cast at a 90-degree angle to the bank and let the shiner-colored Rebel Deep Wee R swing in an arch across the current. Smallies jumped on the crankbait with regularity and the action only got hotter as the day heated up.
Crankbaits can be a great choice for summer smallies because they imitate a wide range of bass forage and you can cover a lot of water with them. Crankbaits can imitate minnows, crayfish and even grasshoppers.
Plastics are a go-to lure for smallies in rivers because they are extremely versatile, can be fished in a variety of ways and do a great job of imitating an assortment of prey that lives on the bottom of the river. Tube jigs, like Northland Tackle’s (www.northlandtackle.com) Mimic Minnow Tuff Tube, have life-like tentacles, prominent eyes, are relatively snag-less and can be hopped, dragged or skittered.
Twister tailed jigs are equally effective. A 1/8- to ¼-ounce jig can be skipped and crawled along the bottom to imitate crayfish or fished on a slow, steady retrieve to imitate a baitfish. Because a twister-tailed jig is so versatile and imitates a variety of prey, a myriad of colors will fool summer smallies. Dark colors are perfect for mimicking crawfish and gobies while brighter colors duplicate minnows. You can head to the river with a handful of jigs and a dozen twister tails and catch a ton of bass and not lose a bunch of expensive lures.
A fast action, medium to medium-light power, 7-foot spinning rod, like Favorite Tackle’s Jack Hammer Spinning Combo (https://favoriteusa.com/jack-hammer-spinning-rod.html) is the perfect set up for river smallies. The Jack Hammer Spinning Rod has the new Fuji Titanium single stick guides making it lighter and stronger, with more sensitivity, castability, accuracy, and balance. The outfit is ideal for feeling jig as it hops over rocks and boulders along the bottom and for making long casts with crankbaits and topwater lures.
If you have the luxury of bringing two rods, have one filled with 6- to 10-pound mono and the other filled with fluorocarbon line. Monofilament floats so it’s a better option when fishing topwater baits. Fluorocarbon sinks so it excels at fishing jigs and crankbaits. I’m not a big fan of braid for fishing low, clear rivers in the summer.
How you attack summer smallies really depends on the body of water. If you’re targeting small rivers and streams, walking the banks and wading wet might be the best option. Low, summertime waters are easy to read. Holding lies will be very obvious. Resist making your first cast the ultimate cast. Don’t risk getting snagged right off the bat and sending every bass scurrying for cover. Get at least a couple casts in the water before you go for broke.
On larger- and medium-sized rivers a canoe or kayak is ideal for just drifting from spot to spot and getting out the fishing more thoroughly. Jon boats and jet sleds excel on really big bodies of water that have plenty of depth to float larger craft. Larger rivers tend to produce larger bass too, but it’s all relative.
Either way you do it floating down a lazy river, catching feisty smallmouths with your toes dangling in the cool waters is a delightful way to spend a summer day.
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